The Premier League team has submitted the planning application for the proposed development at its Melwood training ground to Liverpool City Council.
If granted, the development could deliver up to 160 new family homes along with open space and landscaping.
In a statement, the club said: “The application forms part of the club’s plans to bring LFC’s first team and academy football training operations and facilities together on one site in Kirkby.
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“LFC recognises that Melwood has played a significant role in the club’s history, but the site is limited in terms of space and is unable to accommodate the club’s ambitions for a new, first-class combined training facility.”
The club, along with Knowsley Metropolitan Borough Council, have been working together to redevelop its academy site in Kirkby to allow Liverpool to bring its first team and academy football training operations together on one site.
The planning application for Melwood is expected to be determined by Liverpool City Council’s planning committee later this year.
If successful, housing developers will be invited to bid to purchase and develop the site.
Liverpool said it would continue to work with Liverpool City Council to keep local residents and businesses updated on the progress throughout the application process and any resultant development.