The group aims to bring thousands of hectares of vacant and derelict land into use, facilitating the construction of the homes in the area.
The plans come as part of a wider economic action strategy, which will see the Scottish government invest £500m to help create 100,000 extra jobs and 6,500 new businesses between now and 2035.
Cllr Frank McAveety, chair of the Glasgow City Region cabinet and leader of Glasgow City Council, said: "The Glasgow City Region is already the powerhouse of the Scottish economy – but, as council leaders, we are absolutely united in our determination to aim higher on jobs, skills and growth that benefits every community.
"This strategy and action plan represents a step-change in our approach.
"We are collaborating more closely than ever before and want to extend that strong, open partnership to the Scottish and UK governments, the business community and other agencies, such as our colleges and universities.”
The economic action plan was presented to business and education leaders at The Lighthouse – Scotland’s centre for design and architecture – on 15th February.
The eight authorities participating in the joint strategy include East Dunbartonshire Council, East Renfrewshire Council and Glasgow City Council.
Inverclyde Council, North Lanarkshire Council, Renfrewshire Council, South Lanarkshire Council and West Dunbartonshire Council are also taking part.
Stuart Patrick, chief executive of Glasgow Chamber of Commerce, added: “This new regional economic strategy reflects the rising importance of city regions across the world.
“It matters to Scotland's economy that Glasgow City Region is prosperous, growing and ambitious for the future.”