From September 2009 to April 2014, Nikhil was director of the financial services group at HM Treasury.
In this role, he led the Treasury’s work on the UK’s EU and international financial services interests.
Nikhil is expected to take up the new role in the autumn.
“I am honoured to be appointed chief executive of the Financial Conduct Authority,” he said.
“I look forward to building on the strong legacy of Andrew Bailey and the exceptional leadership of Christopher Woolard and the FCA executive team during the crisis.
“FCA colleagues can be very proud of their achievements in supporting consumers and the economy in all parts of the UK in recent months.
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“In the years ahead, we will create together an even more diverse organisation, supporting the recovery with a special focus on vulnerable consumers, embracing new technology, playing our part in tackling climate change, enforcing high standards, and ensuring the UK is a thought leader in international regulatory discussions.”
Charles Randell, chair of the FCA, added that he was looking forward to working with Nikhil as he leads the FCA to deliver the next phase of its mission.
“Nikhil has been closely involved in guiding the FCA’s development through his roles on our practitioner panel and markets practitioner panel, and brings both private sector management skills and experience of domestic and international regulatory policymaking.
“I would also like to thank Christopher Woolard for steering the FCA through its initial response to Covid-19 with great energy and skill.
“He has been an exemplary leader in this very difficult period.”